The past is a foreign country pdf Immigration Wave Brings 59 Million to U. Driving Population Growth and Change Through 2065 Chapter 5: U. With rapid growth since 1970 in the nation’s foreign-born population, its share of the U.
This is below the record 14. Not only has the nation’s immigrant population grown rapidly, its demographic characteristics have also changed. In 1970, the majority of immigrants were U. 2013 less than half held U. By 2013, most immigrants were from either Latin America or South or East Asia, a very different profile than that of immigrants in 1960 and 1970, who were mostly from Europe. This chapter paints a portrait of the U. 1960 to 2013, including trends in countries and regions of birth, time spent living in the U.
United States, marital status, and legal status and citizenship. Accompanying it is a statistical portrait of the nation’s foreign born from 1960 to 2013. Not only did the European and Canadian share among immigrants fall, but so, too, did their numbers. 2 million immigrants from Europe and Canada were living in the U. By 2013, that number had fallen to 5. Over the same period, the number of immigrants who were born in South or East Asia increased almost thirtyfold, from about 400,000 in 1960 to 10. Immigrant populations born in other parts of the world have also experienced high rates of growth.
Italy was the top country of origin for U. 1960 and 1970, followed by Canada and Germany. By 1980, however, the top 10 countries of origin had changed. Mexico has been the top country of origin by a wide margin ever since. In 2013, China and India were the second and third biggest countries of origins for U. Note: California Territory became a state in September 1850. Alaska did not become a U.
Hawaii became an organized territory in 1898. Source: Estimates for the countries of origin come from Pew Research Center tabulations of the 1850 decennial census. Total population and foreign-born population estimates come from the U. Historical Census Statistics on the Foreign-Born Population of the United States: 1850-2000. United States for more than 10 years. Some regional groups of immigrants followed this pattern of reaching a low in number of years lived in the U. However, several regions experienced a steady decline from 1970 to 2013.
Over the same period, though, the share of immigrants who had arrived in the past 10 years fell dramatically among those from South and East Asia, Latin America and sub-Saharan Africa. Age Since at least 1960, the foreign-born population has had an older median age than the U. Most people who migrate internationally are of working age and a smaller share of immigrants are children compared with the U. But the gap has narrowed as the two groups took different trajectories, with immigrants getting younger and the U.
The age pyramid profiles of the foreign-born population also reflect this large shift over the years. In 1960, the foreign-born population was older than today, with a large portion of immigrants between ages 55 and 74. By 2013, though, immigrants were most likely to be between 30 to 49 years old, and the overall age of the population was lower than in previous decades. In 1960, during the tail end of the baby boom, the population skewed young, with the single largest age group younger than age 5. As of 2013, the Baby Boomer generation has aged, and the most recent generation, the Millennials, was a comparable size, creating a more uniform age pyramid. Geographic Settlement The South has by far seen the biggest increase in its foreign-born population, from less than 1 million in 1960 to 13 million in 2013. As the nation’s foreign-born population has more than quadrupled since 1960, many states have experienced exponential growth.
In particular, the foreign-born populations in Georgia, Nevada and North Carolina have increased more than thirtyfold. California has had the largest numerical increase, from 1. 3 million in 1960 to 10. The share foreign born has risen in most states since 1960.
The foreign-born population has become more evenly dispersed across the country over time. The share of people who live in a married couple household has taken a similar trajectory. The share fell even more steeply among the U. Meanwhile, the shares of both the foreign born and the U. 2013, with a similar pattern among the U.
From 1990 to 2007, the unauthorized immigrant population grew sharply and steadily, rising from 3. 5 million to a peak of 12. 2 million in 2007—more than tripling within two decades. Since then, though, growth has leveled off. The number of unauthorized Mexican immigrants peaked at 6.
This chapter discusses trends up to 2013, the most recent year microdata is available from the American Community Survey. Census Bureau determines language use and English-speaking ability through a series of three questions asked of everyone 5 years old and older. The first question asks if the person speaks a language other than English at home. These answers are assigned to 381 language categories. Chapter 2: Immigration’s Impact on Past and Future U.