This section does not cite any sources. Textual basis NT: Patriarchal Text moffatt translation of the bible pdf 1904 OT: Septuagint. Indeed, God so loved the world that he gave his only-begotten Son, so that everyone who believes in him should not perish but have eternal life. English language edition of the Bible published and controlled by Greek Orthodox Christians with limited copyright control and within a collaborative framework.
The EOB is a complete Orthodox translation of The Holy Bible. Unlike other versions, the EOB provides over 200 pages of introductory material and appendices, including articles by the late Rev. Miltiades Konstantinou of the Aristotle University of Thessalonica. Masoretic and Dead Sea Scroll variants documented in the footnotes. Because it is controlled and updated within the Orthodox community, it is independent from non-Orthodox commercial publishers and can benefit from constant input from Eastern Orthodox scholars and theologians.
Currently there is a popular online bookstore selling a revised version EOB New Testament with a 2013 copyright date. This page was last edited on 15 February 2017, at 20:58. This article is about the general history of Bible translations. For translations into specific languages, see Bible translations by language. The Latin Vulgate was dominant in Western Christianity through the Middle Ages.
Since then, the Bible has been translated into many more languages. The New Testament was written in Koine Greek. The discovery of older manuscripts, which belong to the Alexandrian text-type, including the 4th century Codex Vaticanus and Codex Sinaiticus, led scholars to revise their view about the original Greek text. Attempts to reconstruct the original text are called critical editions. The autographs, the Greek manuscripts written by the original authors, have not survived. Scholars surmise the original Greek text from the versions that do survive.
Occasionally, a major variant happens when a portion of a text was missing. Early manuscripts of the letters of Paul and other New Testament writings show no punctuation whatsoever. The punctuation was added later by other editors, according to their own understanding of the text. Some of the first translations of the Jewish Torah began during the first exile in Babylonia, when Aramaic became the lingua franca of the Jews. The translation now known as the Septuagint was widely used by Greek-speaking Jews, and later by Christians. Versions of the Septuagint contain several passages and whole books not included in the Masoretic texts of the Tanakh.
In some cases these additions were originally composed in Greek, while in other cases they are translations of Hebrew books or of Hebrew variants not present in the Masoretic texts. Recent discoveries have shown that more of the Septuagint additions have a Hebrew origin than previously thought. Origen’s Hexapla placed side by side six versions of the Old Testament, including the 2nd century Greek translations of Aquila of Sinope and Symmachus the Ebionite. Bible translations incorporating modern textual criticism usually begin with the masoretic text, but also take into account possible variants from all available ancient versions. Jerome began by revising the earlier Latin translations, but ended by going back to the original Greek, bypassing all translations, and going back to the original Hebrew wherever he could instead of the Septuagint.
The Bible was translated into Gothic in the 4th century by Ulfilas. In the 5th century, Saint Mesrob translated the Bible using the Armenian alphabet invented by him. In 331, the Emperor Constantine commissioned Eusebius to deliver fifty Bibles for the Church of Constantinople. Alexandrian scribes around 340 preparing Bibles for Constans. The Codex Gigas from the 13th century, held at the Royal Library in Sweden. When later scribes were copying the copy, they were sometimes uncertain if a note was intended to be included as part of the text. The earliest surviving complete manuscript of the entire Bible in Latin is the Codex Amiatinus, a Latin Vulgate edition produced in 8th century England at the double monastery of Wearmouth-Jarrow.
In association with Evans Brothers, one of his students was Aelfric. With influence from the original Hebrew, be reade and songe of al men. New Haven: Durrie and Peck, cf GB: The Coptic version of the New Testament in the Southern dialect otherwise called Sahidic and Thebaic: with critical apparatus, apocrypha and the New Testament Translated by Edgar J. Cambridge: The University Press, a Translation of the New Testament from the original Greek. In the beginning was the Word, the complete Bible was translated into Old French in the late 13th century. With a preface, jesus the Messiah.