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Lonely Planet guides are, quite simply, like no other. It’s everywhere, and it’s telling entire generations of people how to travel the world. This article’s lead section does not adequately summarize key points of its contents. The transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong from the United Kingdom to China, referred to as “the Handover” internationally or “the Return” in China, took place on 1 July 1997.
Great Britain acquired Hong Kong Island in 1842, Kowloon Peninsula in 1860, and leased the New Territories in 1898. Although Hong Kong Island and Kowloon had been ceded to the United Kingdom in perpetuity, the control on the New Territories was a 99-year lease. The finite nature of the 99-year lease did not hinder Hong Kong’s development as the New Territories were combined as a part of Hong Kong. However, by 1997, it was impractical to separate the three territories and only return the New Territories. In addition, with the scarcity of land and natural resources in Hong Kong Island and Kowloon, the New Territories were being developed with large-scale infrastructures and other developments, with the break-even day lying well past 30 June 1997. When the People’s Republic of China obtained its seat in the United Nations as a result of the UN General Assembly Resolution 2758 in 1971, it began to act diplomatically on the sovereignty issues of Hong Kong and Macau.
The questions of Hong Kong and Macau belong to the category of questions resulting from the series of unequal treaties which the imperialists imposed on China. Hong Kong and Macau are part of Chinese territory occupied by the British and Portuguese authorities. The settlement of the questions of Hong Kong and Macau is entirely within China’s sovereign right and do not at all fall under the ordinary category of colonial territories. Hong Kong’s sovereignty with Deng Xiaoping.
He also proposed that contracts include the phrase “for so long as the Crown administers the territory”. Caught unprepared, Deng asserted the necessity of Hong Kong’s return to China, upon which Hong Kong would be given special status by the PRC government. In light of the increasing openness of the PRC government and economic reforms on the mainland, the then British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher sought the PRC’s agreement to a continued British presence in the territory. However, the PRC took a contrary position: not only did the PRC wish for the New Territories, on lease until 1997, to be placed under the PRC’s jurisdiction, it also refused to recognize the “unfair and unequal treaties” under which Hong Kong Island and Kowloon had been ceded to Britain in perpetuity. Deng remarked that the investors could set their minds at peace. Canton through-train routes were restored after 30 years of non-service.
3 May 1979: The Conservative Party won the U. 29 October 1979: Premier Hua Guofeng visited Britain and had a meeting with Margaret Thatcher. Both of them expressed their concern to maintain the stability and prosperity of Hong Kong. 12 May 1980: Tabled by the Conservative Party in the British government, a new status “British Dependent Territories Citizens” was introduced. This status proposal was widely opposed by Hong Kong people. 3 April 1981: Lord Carrington met Deng Xiaoping in his visit to Beijing.
30 September 1981: Chairman of the NPC Ye Jianying issued nine guiding principles concerning a peaceful reunification of Taiwan and mainland China. 30 October 1981: The House of Commons passed the new British Nationality Act. November 1981: The Beijing government invited some Hong Kong citizens to help organising a united front in the handling of the Hong Kong issue. 6 January 1982: Chinese Prime Minister Zhao Ziyang received Humphrey Atkins. Zhao insisted that the PRC would uphold its sovereignty over Hong Kong.
10 March 1982: Vice Premier Gu Mu received Sir John Bremridge, promising to maintain Hong Kong’s stability and prosperity. 6 April 1982: Deng Xiaoping revealed his wish to have official contact with the British government. 8 May 1982: Sir Edward Youde arrived as the 26th Governor of Hong Kong. May 1982: Deng Xiaoping and Zhao Ziyang collected advice from Hong Kong notables such as Lee Ka-shing and Ann tse-kei. 15 June 1982: Deng Xiaoping officially announced the position of the Chinese government in the context of the Hong Kong 97 Issue, marking the first public statement on part of the PRC with regards to the issue.